This article post will discuss how to write an effective IGNOU Synopsis. In some IGNOU courses, such as MEC, MPA, MEGS, MSW, and MPY, students have the option of writing the IGNOU Synopsis as an optional course. In other courses, such as MTTM, MAPC, MLIS, MFNP, MAEDU, BTS, DNHE, and MARD, students are required to take IGNOU Project work as a compulsory subject. If you pick IGNOU Project work, you will be expected to submit the IGNOU Synopsis first and then the IGNOU Project Report to the university before the submission dates.
IGNOU Project Synopsis work is an application-oriented academic activity that attempts to hone your theoretical and quantitative abilities through their application in light of the theoretical information earned while completing IGNOU’s numerous courses.
What is an IGNOU Synopsis?
IGNOU Synopsis is a systematic strategy that focuses on the preceding preparation that would be required to accomplish the objectives of the planned IGNOU Project. It is somewhat similar to a blue print that a designer creates before to developing a building. IGNOU Synopsis is a detailed document that contains information about the IGNOU Report you will be writing, such as a statement of the problem and its significance, the formulation of hypothesis(es) (if any), the methods used to determine the sample size(s), the technique used to collect and analyse data, and a detailed bibliography.
8 Must Requirements for writing an IGNOU Synopsis
Certain specifications are necessary for a well-written project report and must be mentioned in the IGNOU Synopsis. Only a well-thought-out and well-designed approach is likely to result in a report worth reading. Consider the many sorts of data that should be included in the IGNOU Synopsis. The IGNOU Synopsis must include the following information:
1. The Headline
The title of the IGNOU Proposal should convey the study’s concept and should truly put the issue into words. When deciding on a title, two factors should be considered:
- The title is free of pretentious words and phrases that are unscientific, rhetorical, emotive, or prejudicial in character.
- The title should not be excessively lengthy or difficult to understand. It should be pertinent to the subject of analysis.
For instance, the following title is succinct and provides all pertinent information regarding the study’s existence.
“Relationship between learning Styles and self esteem among students pursuing higher education.”
2. Orientation (Context and Justification)
This section summarises the researcher’s presentation of the problem. This caption is sometimes referred to by certain researchers as the “Background of the subject.” In summary, the full subject of the study is summarised below. Certain designs include a section titled ‘Rationale,’ whereas others include it in the Introduction.
This section must include the following information:
- The information must be derived from reputable sources that are pertinent to the study topic.
- Additionally, it must include a concise description of the problem’s current situation.
3. Importance of the Study
A decent IGNOU Proposal should emphasise the project’s significance and timeliness. The significance of the research analysis project may be presented in a variety of ways.
This may be demonstrated by comparing the duration of the prior research study to the duration of the current one; therefore, the new knowledge, fresh experience, altered methodology, or changed conditions indicate the necessity to repeat the study. Another technique to illustrate the necessity for a study is to give supporting assertions from previous research studies that indicate the issue’s lack of information.
4. The Problem’s Statement
The issue statement is not identical to the title of the IGNOU Project, but it is an extension of it, and it occupies a distinct position in the synopsis’s introductory part. It clarifies the stated purpose and provides direction for the research process. The basic statement of the problem may be broken down into smaller statements. To articulate an issue is to fully and precisely describe it.
5. Objectives of the Research
If the researcher’s objectives are not clearly defined, he or she will wander aimlessly toward a worthy objective. The objectives serve as the foundation for the IGNOU Dissertation, since they guide the entire process of discovery. It is critical to remember that the list of objectives should not be excessively lengthy or obscure, but rather should be described precisely and in realistic terms. Typically, these objectives are derived from the researcher’s study questions.
6. The Proposition
Any type of research is undertaken to answer the researcher’s queries. Thus, a hypothesis is a supposition or early generalisation created by the impacts of literature and logic drawn from empirical evidence for the topic under research. When the IGNOU proposal is submitted, a preliminary description of the relationship between two or more variables is provided in the form of a formal positive statement anticipating a single study outcome.
At the outset of your investigation, you formulate an affirmative hypothesis as a forecast of the outcome you wish to examine. During the statistical analysis of the observed data, you must next repeat the hypothesis in negative or null form. As a result, a null hypothesis is a hypothesis that rejects the existence of a link between two variables.
7. Term Definitions for Operational Use
Numerous variables of interest in behavioural research are abstractions that cannot be directly seen; hence, they must be explained in terms of quantifiable behaviours. Thus, an operational description provides meaning to a word by outlining the activities required to quantify the idea.
8. Design of the Study
A research design is more than a project schedule; it is a thorough description of the tasks necessary to finish the study. You may argue that study design is more concerned with conceptual issues than with practical issues. This part must include a concise summary of the following:
(a) The Different Types of Research Studies
Additionally, descriptive research, experimental research, qualitative research, historical research, and philosophical research have all been mentioned. This section will determine the research approach that will be used to conduct the suggested analysis. The technique or kind of analysis performed will dictate the quality of the data and how it is processed. For example, the nature of data and how it is processed in historical and philosophical research is distinct from experimental and descriptive research.
The primary categories of research studies include historical, descriptive, comparative, correlational, developmental, survey, qualitative, ethnographic, and experimental.
(b) The Study’s Population and Sample
The universe in statistics refers to the entire number of things/units in the subject of study, whereas the population refers to the total number of objects from which data is requested. However, in order to perform the study, you must first use sampling procedures to pick a sample that is typical of the population. Sampling techniques are classified into two broad categories: probability and non-probability. The researcher will describe the demographic from which the sample will be chosen, as well as the sampling procedure employed. Additionally, the sample’s size and makeup, as well as the purpose for sampling
(c) Data Collection Instruments and Techniques
Instruments (also known as research tools) are used to collect data and calculate variables. You may prepare it yourself or utilise commercially available equipment. In this part, the researcher will describe the various instruments that will be utilised to gather data. If you are building the tool yourself, the process should be briefly outlined as well. Additionally, you must give information on the procedures that will be utilised to determine the validity, reliability, and norms of the study, among other things.
(d) Data Analysis Techniques
The researcher should describe in full the approach that will be utilised to analyse the data in this part. You can employ any form of analysis approach depending on the nature of the data. You must describe the approach that was utilised to create your IGNOU Synopsis. Additionally, the purpose of a certain approach must be clarified. Selection and execution of the approach should be justified in light of the study’s aims.
e) Limitations of the Study
Due to time, financial, and other restrictions, you must confine your study to the following:
- by outlining the study’s scope and the areas in which the results would be constrained; and
- the methodological approach, which encompasses sampling processes, data gathering and analysis methodologies, the creation of measurement equipment, and their use in the research
IGNOU Synopsis should include a list of books, journals, and other resources that were utilised to classify and identify the issue and may be referred to during the duration of the IGNOU Project. When creating the bibliography, you must adhere to the APA style of reference.